Pandemics in human history always often result in untold and sometimes unparalleled problems that would need great thinkers to offer options. Researchers are positive opportunists which do not relent in their efforts within continually investigating the ‘what’, ‘when’, ‘who’, and ‘how’ of every circumstance just to bring relief to the human race. In the current outbreak, researchers in the diverse disciplines must think of how to offer a new lens of understanding towards the outbreak and more importantly offer urgent solutions to its associated challenges that threaten human structures for survival.
Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 worldwide pandemic, scholars in the field of Health and Allied Sciences have started investigating the particular etiology, epidemiology, pathophysiology, histopathology, scientific evaluation/treatment/management and diagnosis of the COVID-19. A survey of the scholarly functions in this field shows great efforts of Asian researchers, especially from China, where the outbreak began. These hardworking researchers never relented in their efforts in investigating medically, exactly what should be done to fight the virus. These types of remarkable researchers kept on pursuing this path even under perilous working conditions that resulted in the loss of several. They have truly demonstrated and demonstrated what researchers must do all the time within constantly searching for solutions to alleviate this of their fellow humans even in periods of pandemic. However , more needs to be done by their colleagues in other countries. There exists a need for medical scientists to investigate the particular genome sequence of the novel coronavirus in different regions of the world. Interestingly, other scholars in the field of medicine are busily investigating this phenomenon to inform knowledgeably on the coronavirus, suggesting preventive measures and more importantly, finding medical cure and vaccine to fully combat it. For example, while medical scientists search through the particular lens of orthodox medicine, herbal practitioners are experimenting on methods for using herbal extracts in creating medicine that can boost the immune system and provide a strong immune buffer to fight the coronavirus. These attempts are commendable. More work needs to be done in searching for more efficient means of performing tests on COVID-19 patients, executing contact tracing, and precautionary/preventive actions for the coronavirus.
Researchers in the field of Design, particularly Computer and Mechanical Anatomist are devising technologies to help within mitigating the spread of the COVID-19. Digital technologies such as drones plus robocops have been designed and used in some countries, to sum up, manual observance of lockdowns. Likewise, mobile systems such as the development of new apps to get contact tracing of patients from the COVID-19 as well as those who have had connection with them are being designed. For instance, DURCH researchers are developing a system depending on artificial intelligence to complement the regular contact tracing carried out by open public health personnel that relies on short-range Bluetooth signals from smartphones. Within South Africa, ambulances endowed with automated test kits and laboratory solutions designed as a result of diligent efforts within research are being used in testing plus tracking persons with the COVID-19 even in remote, hard-to-reach areas. In Ghana, the Ministry of Health recently launched the COVID-19 app for tracing people infected or who have had contact with carriers of the COVID-19 virus. These technologies developed because of rigorous studies by some mechanised engineers as well as computer hardware and software engineers are being deployed to aid within the fight against the COVID-19. More technical tools to fight the coronavirus are still required and dedicated scientists in the field of engineering are constantly available investigating these potentials.
Researchers in agriculture has a great research job in stock for them. The lockdown has resulted in a high record of postharvest losses in countries. What are the efficient ways of mitigating post-harvest loss during periods of pandemic plus lockdowns? How can farmers use online marketing strategies and platforms to connect to clients to patronize their products to avoid them from incurring high financial losses? What can the ministry of food and agriculture do to assist these types of poor farmers in managing the crisis of lockdowns? What are some of the efficient ways the perishable plantation produce could be processed into non-perishable products by food manufacturing companies? They are excellent themes that merit investigation by agriculturalists during this pandemic break out. Sadly, studies in these areas are yet to be undertaken.
The tourism and hospitality management sector are actually hit greatly due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Many scheduled tours and travel and leisure activities have been canceled due to vacation bans and lockdowns.
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It is estimated that the particular tourism sector globally will lose high revenue up to the value of close to 2 billion dollars. This is the time researchers within tourism and hospitality management may consider virtual means of marketing these types of tourism sites through intensified research into smart tourism and e-tourism. This growing field in tourism has not been given much attention, particularly in developing countries. This pandemic period should be the time that researchers with this field would find ways of raising public awareness of smart tourism plus e-tourism.
Scholars in the Social Sciences and Humanities such as sociologists, anthropologists and culturists have the task in investigating the sociological impacts from the COVID-19 outbreak such as ways of dealing with social anxiety as a result of the pandemic. Also, an assessment of the financial impacts of the COVID-19 on business activities, the need to embark on e-business, e-marketing, e-banking and other electronic forms of undertaking business activities are important topics that needs to be explored. Social and Cultural anthropologists should look into the cultural and sociable perceptions of the different people across the parts of the world about the coronavirus and recommend the application of culturally relevant interventions in order to combat the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. Likewise, psychologists and psychiatrists must suggest ways of dealing with post-traumatic disorders from quarantining, as well as stigmatization and discrimination against COVID-19 patients and their relatives.